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Brightwell Aquatics Ferrion Overview:
Photosynthesis is carried out within cell bodies known as Chloroplasts. Iron is utilized in the electron transport chain within the chloroplasts, and is therefore required by photosynthetic organisms for continued functioning and health. In marine aquaria, these organisms include macroalgae (such as Caulerpa, Halimeda, and Penicillus spp.), marsh grasses and mangroves, encrusting calcareous algae, and the symbiotic zooxanthellae and zoochlorellae that reside within the tissues of hermatypic corals, clams, and their allies, as well as in some sponges. In effect, the availability of iron becomes a limiting factor in the rate of photosynthesis, and hence the rate of nutrient uptake and growth, for these organisms.
While each aquarium will require different concentrations of iron, a good place to begin is within a range of 0.05 - 0.10 ppm; this will generally provide sufficient iron for the photosynthetic organisms present in the system. Some aquaria may require, or benefit from, iron concentrations greater than 0.10 ppm, however greatly exceeding this level is not recommended. The best method of determining the optimal iron concentration for an aquarium is to begin at 0.05 ppm and then gradually (i.e. over a period of weeks) increase the concentration as warranted by the appearance of the aquarium. Phosphate is a substance that encourages growth of algae under the environmental conditions commonly found in marine aquaria, and overdosing iron in the presence of excessive phosphate may result in algal proliferation; for this reason, the concentration of phosphate in a marine aquarium should be maintained as close to immeasurable as possible.
The rate at which iron is extracted from the water is determined by the stocking density of photosynthetic organisms, type of lighting, and other conditions. Once the rate of iron uptake in the aquarium has been determined, the proper dosing rate of this product can be easily calculated.
Brightwell Aquatics Koralle VM Product Overview:
Brightwell Aquatics Koralle VM sizes: 250mL, 500mL, 2L
Brightwell Replenish Product Overview:
Brightwell Replenish sizes: 250mL, 500mL, 2L
Red Sea Coral Colors A is part of the complete range of complementary major, minor and trace element complexes which together provide the needs of corals.
Red Sea Coral Colors contains iodine and other halogens that are associated with many biological processes, one of them being the production of the pink pigments in the soft tissue of corals.
The halogens act both as antioxidants and oxidative agents within the soft tissue and mucus layer of corals, reducing the possibility of coral bleaching.
In active reef systems, these elements are depleted quickly due to their high oxidative abilities and reactivity with organic materials. Iodine and bromine are related to the pink chromo-protein (pocciloporin).
For best results in displaying coral colors use Red Sea's NO3: PO4- X.
Concentration: Coral Colors A, B, C & D should only be dosed according to a measured requirement of the aquarium.
Package Size / Volume: 4x100 ml (3.38 fl. Oz.)
Red Sea Coral Colors B Supplement is part of the complete range of complementary major, minor and trace element complexes which together provide the needs of corals. Coral Colors B Supplement contains potassium and boron that are associated with many biological processes, one of them being the production of the red pigments in the soft tissue of corals.
Potassium plays an essential role in the transportation of coral nutrients within the soft tissue (including the nutrients provided by the zooxanthellae). Potassium and boron significantly affect the alkalinity of a coral's soft tissue and the formation of aragonite in its skeleton. Potassium is related to the red chromo-proteins. For best results in displaying coral colors use Red Sea's NO3: PO4- X.
Concentration Liquid Supplement:
1ml will raise the potassium level of 100 liters (25 gal) by 1.75ppm.
Red Sea Coral Colors D is a trace element complex that promotes the purple/blue colors in coral. Coral Colors D Supplement is part of the complete range of complementary major, minor and trace element complexes which together provide the needs of corals. These 18 elements (out of all the trace elements in NSW) participate in the metabolic processes inside a coral's skeleton and soft tissue, one of them being the production of the purple/blue pigments in the soft tissue of corals.
For best results in displaying coral colors use in conjunction with Red Sea's NO3: PO4- X.
AcroPower supplies amino acids that corals need to build their skeletal architecture. Like other cnidaria, corals have a special ability to uptake dissolved amino acids across their entire surface. Closed system aquariums with protein skimming and other ULN (ultra-low nutrient) filtration methods deplete amino acids that are vitally important for coral health. Corals can become more colorful within days due to the extension of the growing margins when AcroPower is used.
Two Little Fishies AcroPower Amino Acid Formula for SPS Corals sizes: 250mL, 500mL, 1L